Cyber Threat Intelligence
Cyber threat intelligence in 2020 once again showed how cybercriminals are able to adapt at lightning speed to current news, so the topic of cyber security gains more popularity and significance.
Along with the new unique capabilities of the rapidly developing information technologies, there are increasingly serious challenges and cyber security threats that are of a global, cross-border nature. Attackers use the pandemic to their advantage to intrude systems and databases around the world. Many ransomware attacks have resulted in data breaches as cybercriminals raise their bids and sell sensitive data regardless of whether the victim has paid the ransom.
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Scattered phishing emails and random malware quickly escalated into an avalanche of thousands of malicious URLs and serious threats. Malicious COVID-19 campaigns are characterized by the use of pandemic-related topics, including testing, treatment, and telecommuting. The cybercriminals used the people's need for information about the new virus as a breach, thanks to which it is possible to gain access to information and its processing systems around the world. Also, during the coronavirus spread, employees working from home became the main target of hackers. To protect their workers, companies have challenged security teams to develop an effective remote work model that didn't exist before pandemic.
Cyber threat intelligence continues to be of utmost importance. In 2020, there was a trend towards a change in the information security model for critical infrastructure facilities. More and more companies are coming to understand that building completely invulnerable defenses is almost impossible. Statistics show that any security systems have either already been attacked or may become victims with an increasing probability.
That is why it is of great importance to detect the attack and the attacker as quickly as possible, to narrow the window of his opportunities so that he does not have time to cause irreparable harm. In this regard, there is an increase in the demand for highly intelligent security tools that allow solving problems of timely detection of cyberattacks and incidents. Every year, there is a several-fold increase in interest in technologies of this type.
What Is Cyber
Cyber threat intelligence is the close examination of massive amounts of data that identifies and analyzes cyber threats targeting your business. This data is explored contextually to identify real issues and deploy a solution specifically designed to address the identified issue. The definition of threat analysis is often oversimplified or confused with other cybersecurity terms. Most often, this concerns threat data and threat analysis. Threat data is a list of possible threats. Digital security specialists or sophisticated tools analyze threats and then use the knowledge gained earlier to determine how real the threat is and what to do about it.
Threat analysis is an essential part of any cybersecurity ecosystem. A qualified cyber threat intelligence and its program targeted at your organization can help your company prevent data breaches by detecting cyber threats and preventing confidential information from leaking. Plus, you'll get security guides as it detects patterns used by hackers and helps companies implement security measures to protect against future attacks. You will be able to share information on how hackers operate with other members of the IT community to create a public knowledge base for preventing such crimes.
How Cyber Threat
The methodology for assessing the cybersecurity threats to infrastructure is aimed at identifying risks, analyzing them quantitatively, ranking the objects under consideration according to established criteria, as well as indicators of certain types of risks. This method contains recommendations on risk description, qualitative and quantitative assessment, choice of assessment scales and ranking of information objects. The technique includes 3 main stages:
- Description of risks;
- Qualitative risk assessment;
- Ranking of objects.
To support the method, a cyber threat intelligent system for analyzing and assessing the risks of breaching the cyber security of critical infrastructure is being developed.
ImmuniWeb Discovery makes a complete inventory of all information assets of the company that can be under a threat and allows you to get a helicopter view of all your IT infrastructure.
Cyber Threat Intelligence solves the following tasks:
- Establishing context;
- Conducting a security audit, including questionnaires, identifying cyber vulnerabilities in the assets, assets valuation, identifying threats, identifying typical attack vectors.
- Formation of scenario concepts.
At the stage of cyber threat analysis, context is established. It includes description of the main characteristics of the object under consideration, identification and description of the information system assets which is also called Application Discovery. An early-stage security audit of an enterprise consists of identifying critical components and identifying existing vulnerabilities. The cyber threats intelligent in a system is carried out using the production expert system that is part of it.
Next, lists of critical assets and identified vulnerabilities are formed, the corresponding cyber threats, as well as typical attack vectors, which are a chain of vulnerabilities, threats and target assets. On the basis of the result obtained, concepts and connections between them are formed for further scenario building.
Risk is considered as a combination of the consequences of an incident and the associated possibility of occurrence in accordance with the international standard concerning methods and means of ensuring security and management of information security risk. The risks of implementing threat chains leading to an extreme situation are assessed by both qualitative and quantitative methods.
Quantitative information related to the peculiarities of the functioning of the system is used further when filling in the values in concepts.
The risk assessment allows you to determine the list of critical assets in the enterprise system in order to further justify the financial costs of ensuring security. Risk assessment is carried out taking into account the established assessment criteria.
The stage of ranking objects according to the established criteria and risk levels occurs in accordance with the magnitude of the risks of an extreme situation, covering a certain group of information assets in their relationship with other infrastructure objects, information about which is included in the scenario as concepts of consequences, external threats or factors.
Use Cyber Threat
Intelligence in Complex
with Other Tools
for Early Detection
The task of analyzing vulnerabilities continues to be of utmost importance. At the same time, in 2020, there was a tendency to change the model of ensuring information security of critical infrastructure facilities. More and more companies are coming to understand that building completely invulnerable defenses is almost impossible. Statistics show that any security systems have either already been attacked or may become victims with an increasing probability.
Read our research “The State of Application Security at Financial Times FT 500 Largest Companies ” for the explicit statistics.
It is very important to detect the attack and the attacker in the system as soon as possible, to narrow the window of his possibilities so that he does not have time to cause irreparable harm. It can be achieved with the help of continuous security monitoring of your systems. Every year the interest in such technologies is increasing several times.
Cybercriminals are coming up with ever more sophisticated attack options. Remote work creates opportunities for this and requires new defenses from companies. Cyber threat intelligence demonstrates the importance of developing cybersecurity, whether employees work in the office or at home. The right mix must be found between technology and digital user education.
Change is inevitable as the world is constantly evolving. People must rise to the challenge of technological advances. It is necessary to focus on cyber defense already in the present to ensure a safe work in the future and use all the tools available today to identify the increasing number of threats to the company's information perimeter.
Due to the fact that the probable growth of global challenges in the field of cybersecurity requires additional mechanisms of protection, it is logical to predict the rise of importance of Cyber Threat Intelligence in the near future.